BMW 328

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Note: This article describes the BMW 328 of 1937 - 1939. There have also been cars called BMW 328i and 328Ci made since the 1990s as models of the BMW 3 Series
BMW 328
BMW 328 (16.06.2007).jpg
Automotive industryBayerische Motorenwerke
Production1936–1940
464 produced[1]
AssemblyEisenach, Germany
PredecessorBMW 319/1
SuccessorBMW M1
Car classificationSports car
Car body styleRoadster
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine1971 cc Straight-6
Transmission (mechanics)4-speed manual
Wheelbase2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length3,900 mm (153.5 in)
Width1,550 mm (61.0 in)
Height1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight830 kg (1,830 lb)
Fuel capacityConvert/LoffAonDbSoffUSre[2]
RelatedBMW 319/1 (steering and suspension)
BMW 326 (brakes, engine block)[2]
Automotive designFritz Fiedler
Alfred Böning
Alex von Falkenhausen
Ernst Loof

The BMW 328 is a Sports car made by BMW between 1936 and 1940, designed by Kurt Joachimson. It featured many advanced features for its time, such as a tubular space frame and a Hemi combustion chamber engine. It was much praised at the time for its performance and handling, proving to be suitable not only for the BMW factory drivers, but also perfect for everyday motoring.

The car won many races, including the prestigious Mille Miglia — a class win in 1938 and the outright winner (with a streamlined body) in 1940. It also won the RAC Rally in 1939 and came in fifth overall (first in its class) in the 1939 Le Mans 24 hours.

After World War II, the manufacturing plant in Eisenach where the 328 had been built found itself in the Russian occupation zone, and automobile manufacturing in Eisenach would follow a state directed path until German Reunification in 1989. One of the Mille Miglia 328s (disguised as a Frazer Nash) and BMW's technical plans for the car were taken from the bombed BMW factory by English representatives from the Bristol Aeroplane Company and Frazer Nash companies. Fiedler, the BMW engineer, was persuaded to come too. Bristol Cars was set up to build complete cars, called Bristols, and would also supply engines to Frazer Nash for all their post-war cars. The first Bristol car, the Bristol 400, was heavily based on the BMW plans. This Bristol engine was also a common option in AC Cars, before the AC Cobra.

The engine has hemispherical or cross flow combustion chambers. The intake valves are opened by the usual overhead valve push rod arrangement of a side cam, push rods, and rocker arms. The exhaust valves, on the other side of the Cylinder head, are opened by the same cam shaft, vertical push rods, rocker arms, horizontal push rods, and a second set of rocker arms.

In 1999 the BMW 328 was named one of 25 finalists for Car of the Century by a worldwide panel of automotive journalists.

Specifications[1]
Engine:  Straight-6 ohv (light alloy cylinder head)
Bore × Stroke:  66 mm (2.6 in) × 96 mm (3.8 in)
Displacement:  1,971 cc (120.3 cu in)
Compression ratio; 7,5 : 1
Fuel feed:  3 downdraft carburetor Solex 30 JF
Power:  59 kW (80 PS) at 5000 rpm*
Motor control:  lateral cam shaft, drive by duplex chain
Fuel capacity:  50 L (13 US gal; 11 imp gal) (if needed 100 L (26 US gal; 22 imp gal) possible)
Cooling:  Pump (7,5 l water)
Transmission:  4-speed
Chassis:  Aluminium body and steel ladder frame[2]
Suspension front:  swing axle with transverse leaf springs
Suspension rear:  live axle with leaf springs
Shock absorbers:  Hydraulic shock absorbers
Brakes:  Drum brakes, hydraulic (Drum diameter 280 mm (11.0 in))
Wheelbase:  2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Track:  1,153 mm (45.4 in)/1,220 mm (48.0 in)
External dimensions:  3,900 mm (153.5 in) × 1,550 mm (61.0 in) × 1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Tires; 5.25 or 5.50–16
Unloaded weight (without drivers):  830 kg (1,830 lb)
Top speed:  150 km/h (93 mph)
  • other sources say 4500 rpm.

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