BMW 335 (1939 - 1941)

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BMW 335
BMW 335 4-door cabriolet
Automotive industryBayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW)
Production1939 – 1941
410 built (estimated)
SuccessorBMW 502
Car body styleSedan (car), Cabriolet (automobile)
Automobile layoutFR layout
Internal combustion engine3485 cc Overhead valve I-6
Transmission (mechanics)4 speed manual[1]
all- synchromesh
Wheelbase2980 mm (117.3 in)
Length4840 mm (190.6 in)
Width1700 mm (66.9 in)
Height1690 mm (66.5 in)
Curb weight1300 kg (2866 lb)
(measurements approximate)
RelatedBMW 326
Automotive designFritz Fiedler

The BMW 335 is six cylinder sports sedan produced by the Bavarian firm between 1939 and 1941.

Contents

The Market


Commercial success for the BMW 326, introduced in 1936, encouraged a move upmarket. This would involve BMW in challenging the dominance then enjoyed by Mercedes-Benz over a lucrative sector, with their 320 and 340 models.

The Approach


BMW were producing, in their Eisenach plant, the model that would form the basis for the larger car. The 326 had already spawned successful sporting derivatives. The 335 was also to be based on the 326, but with the wheel-base and chassis extended to accommodate a 3485 cc I-6 engine. Despite clearly reflecting the approach taken with existing BMW units, this was an entirely new design. Claimed maximum power output of 90 bhp (67 kW) was lower than the values advertised for comparably sized and powered Jaguar SS100 of the period, but the BMW unit reportedly provided better than average torque: it achieved full power at only 3500 rpm, which implied longevity and would have made the car particularly suitable as a rapid German Autobahns cruiser. The engine was fed by a single Solex Carburettor: had the 335 remained in production for longer it would have been possible to follow the Jaguar route of boosting power by fitting twin carburettors. With 90 bhp (67 kW), the car had top speed of 145 kilometres per hour (90 mph).[2]

The engine’s additional weight prompted the fitting of larger brake drums and wheels than on the 326. The 335 sustained BMW’s reputation for innovation, being the first car to offer a four speed gear box with full Synchromesh on all ratios.

The car was sold as a four door sedan and as a two or (more unusually) four door cabriolet.

The Launch


A prototype 335 was first presented at London in 1938. The car was branded for these purposes as a Frazer-Nash. There had been close relations between BMW and England ever since BMW had established themselves in the small car market by building a version of the English Austin 7. Frazer-Nash had been BMW’s English importers since 1934, and after the war BMW design chief Fritz Fiedler, the man primarily responsible for designing and developing the 335, would for several years work with Frazer-Nash’s successor company in London.

The production version was launched on the German market as the BMW 335 in 1939.

A Short Life

The German invasion of Poland in September 1939 triggered a military conflagration between Europe’s major states which, following the December 1941 Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, burgeoned into the Second World War. Initially, aspects of the peace time economy persisted in Germany and BMW were able to produce 335s at their Eisenach facility. Perfect production records are thought not to survive, but it appears that by the time passenger car production ceased in 1941, more than 400 had been produced.

References

  • This article incorporates text translated from Fr:BMW 335 as of 2008-02-11.
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