List of BMW engines

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BMW has used the following engines in its vehicles:

Contents

Petrol engine


For information on two, three, and four cylinder BMW motorcycle engines go to → History of BMW motorcycles.

Straight-4

  • 1961–1987 — 1.8–2.0 L M10/M12
  • 1986–1991 — 2.0–2.5 L S14 for M3 (DOHC)
  • 1987–1995 — 1.6/1.8 L M40 (SOHC)
  • 1989–1996 — 1.8 L M42 (DOHC)
  • 1991–2002 — 1.6/1.8/1.9 L M43 (SOHC)
  • 1996–2001 — 1.9 L M44 (DOHC)
  • 2001–2006 — 1.6 L Tritec (Joint-venture with Chrysler)
  • 2001–2003 — 1.8/2.0 L N42 (Won International Engine of the Year award)
  • 2004– — 1.8/2.0 L N46
  • 2004– — 1.6 L N45
  • 2006 — 2.0L N45
  • 2006– — 1.6 L Prince (Joint-venture with PSA Group), 90 kW (122 PS), 160 Nm (118 ft·lbf)
  • 2007– — BMW N43 2 L new petrol and diesel engines, bore×stroke 84×90 mm, 1,995 cc, 4 valves per cylinder, source: BMW Group (March 23, 2007). BMW EfficientDynamics in Detail. News release. http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsID/2070323.003/country/gcf/bmw/bmw-efficientdynamics-in-detail. 
    • Petrol, 200 bar direct fuel injection with piezo-injectors, continuously adjustable intake and outlet camshaft, 135 kg
      • 105 kW (143 PS), 190 Nm (140 ft·lbf) in the BMW 118i
      • 125 kW (170 PS) at 6,700 rpm, 7000 rpm max, 210 Nm (155 ft·lbf) at 2,250 rpm, 12:1 compression ratio. Note that this straight-4 engine achieves the same amount of power and torque as in the straight-6 M54B22 engine.
    • Diesel, common rail direct injection, variable turbine geometry turbocharger, 198 g/kWh minimum specific fuel consumption, 16:1 compression ratio, aluminium crankcase:
      • 105 kW (143 PS) at 4000 rpm, 300 Nm (221 ft·lbf) between 1,750 and 3,000 rpm, 5000 rpm max, 1600 bar fuel injection, 1,5 bar relative boost, 19 bar Mean effective pressure, combustion chamber 170 bar max in the BMW 118d
      • 130 kW (177 PS) at 4000 rpm, 350 Nm (258 ft·lbf) between 1,750 and 3,000 rpm, 5000 rpm max, 1800 bar fuel injection, 1,5 bar relative boost, 22 bar Mean effective pressure, combustion chamber 180 bar max in the BMW 120d
      • 150 kW (204 PS) at 4400 rpm, 400 Nm (295 ft·lbf) at 2000 rpm, 5200 rpm max, 2000 bar fuel injection, 2 bar relative boost, 25.3 bar Mean effective pressure, combustion chamber 180 bar max, two sequential turbochargers, 161 kg, 204 g/kWh minimum specific fuel consumption

Straight-6

BMW is best-known for its strong Straight-6 engines. These have powered many of the company's best-loved cars, including the BMW M3.

  • 1933 - 1.2 L M78
  • 1937 - 2.0 L BMW M328
  • 1937 - 3.5 L BMW M335
  • 1952 - 2.0-2.1 L BMW M337
  • 1968 - 2.5-3.5 L M30 SOHC Double Carburetor (On the Ward's 10 Best Engines list)
  • 1971 - 2.0-2.7 L M20 SOHC 12v
  • 1977 - 2.0 L M60 (original designation for what is now commonly known as the M20 6 cylinder engine; M60 is currently used to describe 1st generation 3.0 and 4.0 liter V8's.)
  • 1978 - 3.5 L M88/S38 for M1/M5/M6
  • 1980 - 3.2 L M102 for 7-Series
  • 1983 - 3.4 L M106 for 7-Series
  • 1989 - 2.0-3.0 L M50 DOHC 24v (with VANOS on M50TU)
  • 1989 - 3.0 L S50 for M3
  • 1994 - 2.0-2.8 L M52 DOHC 24v with VANOS (Double-VANOS on M52TU) (Two International Engine of the Year awards)
  • 1995 - 3.0 L S50 for BMW M3
  • 1996 - 3.2 L S52 for M3
  • 2000 - 2.2-3.0 L M54 aluminium DOHC 24v with Double-VANOS
  • 2002 - 3.2 L S54 cast iron DOHC 24v (Six International Engine of the Year awards)
  • 2005 - 2.5-3.0 L N52 magnesium/aluminium DOHC 24v with Valvetronic & Double-VANOS
  • 2006 - 3.0 L N54 aluminium DOHC 24v twin Turbocharged (Five International Engine of the Year awards)
  • 2007 - 2.5-3.0 L N53 High Precision Injection (Gasoline Direct Injection)

V8 engine

  • 1951 - 2.6-3.2 L OHV V8
  • 1992 - 3.0-4.0 L M60
  • 1996 - 3.5-4.4 L M62
  • 1998 - 4.9-5.0 L S62
  • 2001 - 3.6-4.8 L N62 (Three International Engine of the Year awards)
  • 2007 - 4.0 L S65 for M3
  • 2008 - 4.4 L BMW N63 twin Turbocharged

V10 engine

  • 2005 - 5.0 L S85 for E60 M5 and E63 M6 (Four International Engine of the Year awards)

V12 engine

  • 1986 - 5.0-5.4 L M70
  • 1992 - 5.6 L S70
  • 1993 - 5.4 L M73 (Won an International Engine of the Year award)
  • 2003 - 6.0 L N73

Diesel engine


Straight-4

  • 1994–2000 — 1.7 L M41 Diesel
  • 1997–2006 — 2.0 L M47 Diesel

Straight-6

  • 1983 - 2.4 L M21 Diesel
  • 1991 - 2.5 L M51 Diesel
  • 1998 - 2.5-3.0 L M57 Diesel

V8 engine

  • 1998 - 3.9 L M67 Diesel (Two International Engine of the Year awards)
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