Template:Cite web

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"You must specify |url= when using {{cite web}}". 

[edit] Template-info.svg Template documentation

This template is used to cite online sources in Wikipedia articles. {{Cite news}} can also be used when citing a news source; for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:cite sources.

A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citation of open-source web content to Wikipedia articles is available at citation templates.

Usage

Common forms

Common form (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2019-04-19 |work= |publisher= |date= }}

Using last, first and coauthor(s) (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2019-04-19 |last= |first= |coauthors= |date= |work= |publisher=}}

Using author (with current date)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2019-04-19 |author= |date= |work= |publisher=}}

Using non-linked retrieved date, last, first (month day)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2019-04-19 |last= |first= |date= |work= |publisher= |dateformat=lmdy}}

Using linked retrieved date, author (month day)

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate=2019-04-19 |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |dateformat=mdy}}

Using archived version

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= 2019-04-19 |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}

All parameters

When copying all parameters, in either horizontal or vertical layout, delete those you don't need.

All parameters, horizontal layout

{{cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= |author= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |location= |pages= |language= |doi= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= |dateformat=}}

All parameters, vertical layout
{{cite web
| url         = 
| title       = 
| accessdate  = 
| author      = 
| last        = 
| first       = 
| authorlink  = 
| coauthors   = 
| date        = 
| year        = 
| month       = 
| format      = 
| work        = 
| publisher   = 
| location    =
| pages       = 
| language    = 
| doi         = 
| archiveurl  = 
| archivedate = 
| dateformat  =
| quote       = 
}}

Required parameters

  • url: URL of online item. Start the url with the communications protocol e.g. http://.
  • title: Title of online item.
  • Choose a date format from the following options that matches the main text of the article.
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed, in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, for example "accessdate = 2019-04-19". Must not be wikilinked.
  • dateformat: Formats the date in a consistent fashion. Possible values: none, dmy, ymd, mdy, iso. Preceding the value with an 'l' (e.g. liso, ldmy) will wikilink the date. See Template:Date.

Optional parameters

  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • date: Full date of publication in the same format as the main text of the article. If in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17, must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically.
    • OR: year: Year of publication, and month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger "work", such as a book, periodical or website, write the name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any—for example if the website is hosted by a government service, educational institution, or company
    • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • pages: pp. 5–7: first page and optional last page. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
  • language: language of publication (don't specify "English" as this is the default).
  • doi: A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
  • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and The Internet Archive. Requires archivedate.
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl), in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.

Duplicate periods

By default, cite web separates fields with periods, so don't encode a field ending with a period or a duplicate period will be added. Example: publisher=Camelot, Inc will correctly show as Camelot, Inc. but publisher=Camelot, Inc. will incorrectly show as Camelot, Inc..

Examples

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30). "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. 
  • {{cite web |author=Doe, John |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    Doe, John (2005-04-30). "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/fans/ |title=Digest of rules |publisher= National Football League |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    "Digest of rules". National Football League. http://www.nfl.com/fans/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. 
Using format
language
  • {{cite web |author=Joliet, François |title=Honnit soit qui mal y pense |date=2005-04-30 |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |language=French }}
    Joliet, François (2005-04-30). "Honnit soit qui mal y pense" (in French). http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. 
coauthors
  • {{cite web |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    Doe, John; Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim (2005-04-30). "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2006-05-16. 
No author
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |publisher=Open Publishing |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ | accessdate=2006-05-16 }}
    "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. Open Publishing. 2005-04-30. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2006-05-16. 
No author, no publisher
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |date=2005-04-30 |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 }}
    "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. 2005-04-30. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. 
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" for webpages that have been archived
Using "quote"
  • {{cite web |title=My favorite things part II |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    "My favorite things part II". Encyclopedia of things. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. "Lorem ipsum dolor." 
Omitting the "title" in error
  • {{cite web |work=Encyclopedia of things |url=http://www.example.org/ |accessdate=2005-07-06 |quote=Lorem ipsum dolor. }}
    "No |title= specified". Encyclopedia of things. http://www.example.org/. Retrieved on 2005-07-06. "Lorem ipsum dolor." 

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