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This adds articles to Category:Articles lacking sources. This template should not be substituted (subst:).


This template should be placed at the top of an article. There are two optional parameters:

Description field
The optional description field is used to indicate more specifically what should be referenced. An example of its usage is {{Unreferenced|article's section called "Childhood"}}. The description field is commonly omitted, which is acceptable, and the information box displayed in an article would then read "This article does not cite any references or sources." If a description is supplied, the word article in the information box is replaced with the description; for the example just given, the information box would read "This article's section called 'Childhood' does not cite any references or sources."
Date parameter
The date parameter, which is recommended, is used to indicate when the template was added to a page. An example of its usage is {{Unreferenced|date=September 2021}}. Adding this parameter sorts the article into monthly subcategories of Category:Articles lacking sources, rather than adding it to Category:Articles lacking sources itself, allowing the oldest problems to be identified and dealt with first. If the date parameter is omitted, a bot will add it later.

The two optional fields can be used together, and placed in either order. For example, both {{Unreferenced|article's section called "Childhood"|date=September 2021}} and {{Unreferenced|date=September 2021|article's section called "Childhood"}} have the same effect:

Differences from related templates

One difference between the {{Unreferenced}} template and the similar templates {{Refimprove}} and {{Unreferencedsection}} is that {{Unreferenced}} adds an article to Category:Articles lacking sources, while {{Refimprove}} and {{Unreferencedsection}} add an article to Category:Articles needing additional references.

A common practice is to supply a description of "section", as in {{Unreferenced|section}}, which results in an information box reading "This section does not cite any references or sources." This is the same message that is displayed when using {{Unreferencedsection}}, but the two templates place an article in different categories, as noted above.

Note: when adding {{Unreferenced|section}} to a section of an article, the date parameter must be included. Otherwise, SmackBot will change the template to {{Unreferencedsection}} when it adds the date parameter.


The following templates redirect to {{Unreferenced}}, meaning that they are synonyms that work exactly as {{Unreferenced}} works:

  • {{Citesources}}
  • {{No references}}
  • {{No refs}}
  • {{Noref}}
  • {{Noreferences}}
  • {{Norefs}}
  • {{Notverifiable}}
  • {{Nr}}
  • {{References}}
  • {{References needed}}
  • {{Uncited-article}}
  • {{Unref}}
  • {{Unrefart}}
  • {{Unrefarticle}}
  • {{Unreferenced art}}
  • {{Unreferenced article}}
  • {{Unreferencedart}}
  • {{Unrefreenced}}
  • {{Unsourced}}
  • {{Unverified}}

The following templates previously redirected to {{Unreferenced}}, but have been changed:

  • ({{Nosources}} and {{No source}} (both now redirect to {{Di-no source}})

See also

The following templates are useful in cases where there are some sources, but these are inadequate or insufficient:

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